The government’s efforts to campaign for “NO” usage of plastic started since 2018 which before this, the government only campaigned for “REDUCE” use of plastics. The good news for trying to drive this matter started in April 17. In 2019, the Cabinet (Cabinet) announced the Roadmap for waste management in the year 2019-2030 at the Cabinet meeting.
Thailand, each year, generates 2 million tons of plastic waste. We can only recycle 0.5 million tons. Another 1.5 million tons are taken to landfill or contaminated in the environment.
Turning to support the production and the usage of bioplastics has been proven to be better off for each country as the bioplastic is easily degradable and leave no traces in the environment.
Thailand has advantages in terms of resources. A large amount of plant-based raw materials has the potential to produce bio-based plastic, which is classified as renewable resources such as cassava and sugarcane.
Bioplastics is divided into two main types:
- Degradable plastic (compostable plastic)is a plastic that can be degraded by microorganisms that use oxygen. Become carbon dioxide, water, other substances that are broken Not broken into pieces, used as organic fertilizer and must not be toxic when disintegrated
- Biodegradable plastic (biodegradable plastic)is a plastic that is broken down due to the work of microorganisms that are present in nature, such as bacteria, mold, algae, in appropriate conditions and periods such as water and sometimes oxygen. Can join biodegradable plastic specimens
Bioplastics are therefore one of the ways to develop materials for use for environmental conservation. Both in raw materials production and the removal process at present, bioplastics are becoming increasingly known. Both in terms of consumers choosing to use bio-plastic products Including the awakening of Plastic Industry in the use of plant-based materials for packaging production
One factor that will increase adoption of the use of bioplastics is for producers to have a global certification/symbols that is easily recognizable with auditing organizations.